What is fascia?

Fascia is a 3-dimensional web of tissue that extends throughout the body without interruption from head to toe.  It surrounds and permeates every organ, muscle, bone, nerve, blood vessel and cell affecting every system and function of the body e.g. musculoskeletal, nervous, metabolic, and digestive. 

Fascia provides protection, support, cushioning, and separation allowing muscles to glide freely and create space for the passage of nerves, blood vessels, and fluids. 

What is a fascial restriction?

Trauma, repetitive motion, inflammation or poor posture can cause the fascia to become solidified and shortened. These thickened areas are referred to as a fascial restriction. Fascial restrictions have the capacity of creating up to 2,000 pounds of pressure per square inch in a restricted area.  This pressure can pull the body out of alignment, compressing joints resulting in pain, loss of motion, and weakness.

Think about how a snag in a knit sweater pulls on the yarn connected to it and distorts the whole shape of the sweater.  A ‘snag’ in the fascia has the same effect. A restriction in one area of the body creates tension by pulling on other distant structures. This explains why you may feel pain elsewhere in the body that seems unrelated to the original injury. 

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